Retinal Tear

Retinal tear occurs when vitreous pulls on the retina, thus separating the retinal cells from the layer of blood vessels that supply them with oxygen and nutrients. A retinal tear creates the risk of developing retinal detachment and severe vision loss.


  • Sudden onset of floater
  • Light flashes in the eyes.
  • A persistent curtain-like shadow, partially over your field of vision.
  • Loss of vision.
  • Sometimes, it may not show any symptoms.

Risk Factors

Risk factors are not required to develop a retinal tear, but they make the likelihood greater. These factors include:

  • Advanced age
  • Degree of myopia (nearsightedness)
  • Associated lattice degeneration (thin patches in the retina)
  • Trauma
  • Family history of retinal tears or detachment
  • Prior eye surgery

There is no way to predict who might develop a retinal tear or when it might occur.


An eye injury, lattice degeneration, myopia, family history of retinal detachment, or previous eye injury may be the causes behind these sight difficulties.


Retinal tears are typically treated with laser or a freezing procedure (cryotherapy). Treatment is performed in an office setting and is very effective and quite safe.

Dr. Sangeeta D. Goswami
Get Comprehensive Retina Care From

Dr. Sangeeta D. Goswami

MS (Ophthal), FICO, FRF, VR Fellow, Retina Specialist