7 Common Eye Conditions Diagnosed By Eye Doctors

7 Common Eye Conditions Diagnosed By Eye Doctors

There’s no argument that eye health often gets ignored. Eyes are our sense of vision. And your brain needs your eyes to collect information about the world. Eye health can impact your overall wellness. Hence, routine, or yearly eye check-ups are vital. You might visit the leading eye doctor in Siliguri, North Bengal. 

Let’s explain seven common eye conditions that diagnosis by eye doctors can detect:

1.  Refractive Errors of Eye
It’s a type of vision problem, making it difficult to see clearly. Refractive error refers to a condition in which the natural shape of your eyes causes blurry vision. Regular checkup is a must for refractive errors. This condition often occurs in kids. But you can develop refractive errors at any age. 

Symptoms of refractive errors 
  • Double vision
  • Blurry vision
  • Eye stain
  • Headaches
  • Painful eye
  • Squinting 
Treatment of refractive errors
  • Eyeglasses
  • Contact lenses
  • Lense-based surgery
  • Corneal-based corrective laser surgery
2.  Binocular Vision Dysfunction
In binocular vision dysfunction, the eyes fail to work as a team to see the world as one picture. Here, the brain and eyes don’t work together. Eye issues, brain issues, and sight issues can cause BVD. Consult your eye doctor if you have the symptoms mentioned below.

Symptoms of binocular vision dysfunction
  • Eye pain
  • Headaches
  • Trouble focusing on close objects
  • Double vision
  • Blurry vision
  • Shadowed vision
  • Trouble seeing at night
  • Pain with eye movement
  • Eye strain
  • Balance issues
  • Falls
  • Dizziness
  • Disorientation
  • Vertigo
  • Eye fatigue
  • Skipping lines during reading
  • Feeling anxious
  • Difficulty maintaining eye contact
Treatment of binocular vision dysfunction
  • Vision therapy
  • Medications
  • Corrective lenses and prisms
3.  Cataracts
Cataracts are when the normal lens of the eye becomes cloudy. It leads to blurry vision but it is a treatable condition with surgery. This condition is primarily associated with aging. 
However, it has risk factors like diabetes, smoking, previous eye inflammation, obesity, excessive amount of alcohol intake, etc. Consult the best eye doctor in Siliguri for extensive eye care.

Symptoms of cataract 
  • Blurred or hazy vision
  • Dim vision
  • Need brighter light to see objects
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Frequent need to change eyeglasses
  • Seeing halos around lights
  • Double vision in eyes/one eye
  • Fading or yellowing of colours
Treatment of cataracts
  • Use of correct eyeglasses 
  • Surgery
4.  Glaucoma
Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions affecting and damaging the optic nerve, often caused by high intraocular pressure. It tends to cause blindness if not treated.

Symptoms of glaucoma
  • Loss of peripheral vision
  • Patchy blind spots
  • Severe headaches
  • Eye redness
  • Severe eye pain
  • Nausea, and vomiting 
  • Halos around light
  • Loss of vision
  • Increased blinking in children
  • Cloudy eye
Treatment of glaucoma
  • Eye drops
  • Oral medicines
  • Laster therapy
  • Surgery
5.  Diabetic Retinopathy
It’s a complication of diabetes, causing damage to the blood vessels in the retina. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can contribute to diabetic retinopathy if remain uncontrolled. 

Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy
  • Spots or floaters in vision
  • Fluctuating vision
  • Blurry vision
  • Dark/empty areas in the vision
  • Vision loss
Treatment of diabetic retinopathy
  • Laser treatment
  • Vitrectomy/ Surgery 
  • Medications
6.  Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry eye syndrome is a medical condition when your eyes don't produce enough tears for adequate moisture. This eye condition tends to affect individuals aged 50 and above more frequently.. However, dry eye syndrome can affect other age groups as well. You might seek guidance from the most trusted eye doctor in Siliguri.

Symptoms of dry eye syndrome 
  • Stinging and burning sensation
  • Watery eyes
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • Stringy mucus in and around the eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Red eyes
  • Difficulty wearing contact lenses
Treatment of dry eye syndrome
  • Artificial tears
  • Medications
  • A nasal spray 
  • Closing the tear ducts
  • Light therapy
  • Eyelid massages
7.  Age-related Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affects the macula (central part of the retina), which belongs to two types – wet and dry. AMD damages the central vision. Mostly it occurs in people over 50.

Symptoms of age-related macular degeneration
  • Blurry vision
  • Low vision
  • Problems seeing in low light
  • Seeing straight lines as wavy
  • Dark spots in the vision field
Treatment of age-related macular degeneration
  • Medications
  • Laser therapy
  • Photodynamic therapy
Thus, regular eye examinations are vital to early detection of a condition. If you notice any such symptoms, visit a trusted eye expert near you. You might speak to one of the best ophthalmologists in Siliguri for regular eye check-ups. 

Diagnosis will determine the condition and based on that, your eye doctor will provide patient-centric care. Moreover, experiencing discomfort in eyes like watery eyes, red eyes, headaches, or mild eye pain doesn’t necessarily mean you have an eye disease. 

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